Apprentices Act, 1961 was enacted with the following objectives :-
» To regulate the programme of training of apprentices in the industry so as to conform to the syllabi, period of training etc. as laid down by the Central Apprenticeship Council; and
» To utilise fully the facilities available in industry for imparting practical training with a view of meeting the requirements of skilled manpower for industry.
EVOLUTION OF APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING SCHEME
» National Apprenticeship Scheme was started in 1959 on Voluntary Basis.
» Apprentices Act was enacted in 1961 and implemented w.e.f. 01.03.1962
» Initially the Act envisaged training of Trade Apprentices only
» The Act was amended in 1973 to include training of Graduates and Diploma Engineers as "Graduate" and "Technician" Apprentices.
» The Act was further amended in 1986 to bring within its purview the training of the 10+2 vocational stream as "Technician (Vocational)" Apprentices.
» It was further amended in 1997 to amend various sections of the Act as regards definition of “establishment” and “worker”, termination of apprenticeship contract, number of apprentices for a designated trade, practical and basic training of apprentices, obligation of employers, penalty for contravening the provisions of the Act and cognizance of offences
» The Act was again amended in 2008 to amend various sections of the Act as regards reservation for candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes (OBCs), expenditure on Related Instruction (RI) shall be imparted at the cost of employer and the employer shall, when so required, afford all facilities for imparting such instructions and to provide flexibility in respect of ratios prescribed for apprenticeship seats.
» The act was further amended in 2014 replacing Trade-wise regulation by a band of 2.5% to 10% of the total strength of the workers, introduction of optional trades, extending the scope to non-engineering occupations, doing away with imprisonment for non compliance and limiting the penalties to fine only. Allowing outsourcing of Basic Training and bringing the establishments operating in four or more states into the fold of Central authorities for easy interface, etc.
MONITORING OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ACT
» DGT under MSDE is responsible for implementation of the Act in respect of Trade and Technician (Vocational) Apprentices in the Central Government, Central PSUs, Private Sector operating in 4 or more states / UTs through Regional Directorates of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (RDSDEs) located at every State/UT.
» State Apprenticeship Advisers are responsible for implementation of the Act in respect of Trade Apprentices in State Government Undertakings / Departments and Private Establishments (having presence in less than 4 states).
» For Graduate and Technician Apprentices, Department of Education in the Ministry of Human Resource Development is responsible for implementation through four Boards of Apprenticeship Training (BOAT) located at Chennai, Kanpur, Kolkata, and Mumbai.
CENTRAL APPRENTICESHIP COUNCIL (CAC)
» It is an apex statutory body. It advises the Government on laying down of policies and prescribing norms & standards in respect of Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS).
» It was reconstituted with effect from 27th March, 2014 for 3 years.
» It is obligatory on the part of employers both in Public and Private Sector establishments having requisites training infrastructure as laid down in the Act, to engage apprentices.
» 260 groups of industries are covered under the Act.
The minimum rate of stipend per month payable to trade apprentices is as follows:
|Year||Minimum Rate of Stipend|
70% of minimum wage of semi-skilled workers notified by the respective State or Union territory
80% of minimum wage of semi-skilled workers notified by the respective State or Union territory
Third & Fourth Year
90% of minimum wage of semi-skilled workers notified by the respective State or Union territory