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OVERVIEW OF APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING
Development of human resource is crucial for the industrial
development of any nation. Upgradation of skills is an important component of Human Resource Development.
Training imparted in Institutions alone is not sufficient for
acquisition of skills and needs to be supplemented by training in the
actual work place.
Apprentices Act, 1961 was enacted with the following objectives :-
» To regulate the programme of
training of apprentices in the industry
as to conform to the syllabi, period of training etc. as
laid down by the Central Apprenticeship
» To utilise fully the facilities available in
imparting practical training with a view of meeting the requirements of skilled manpower for industry.
EVOLUTION OF APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING SCHEME
» National Apprenticeship Scheme started in 1959 on Voluntary
» Apprentices Act was enacted
in 1961 and implemented w.e.f. 01.03.1962.
» Initially the Act envisaged
training of Trade Apprentices.
» The Act was amended in 1973
to include training of Graduate and
Diploma Engineers as "Graduate" and "Technician" Apprentices.
» The Act was further amended
in 1986 to bring within its purview the
training of the 10+2 vocational stream as "Technician (Vocational)"
» It was further amended in
1997 to amend various sections of the Act
as regards definition of “establishment” and “worker”,
termination of apprenticeship contract, number of apprentices for a
designated trade, practical and basic training
of apprentices, obligation of
employers, penalty for contravening the provisions of the Act and
cognizance of offences.
» The Act was again amended in
2008 to amend various sections of the
Act as regards reservation for candidates belonging to Other Backward
Classes (OBCs), expenditure on Related Instruction (RI) shall be
imparted at the cost of employer and the employer shall, when so
required, afford all facilities for imparting such instructions and to
provide flexibility in respect of ratios prescribed for apprenticeship
» The act was further amended
in 2014 replacing Trade-wise regulation
by a band of 2.5% to 10% of the total strength of the workers,
introduction of optional trades, extending the scope to non-engineering
occupations, doing away with imprisonment for non compliance and
limiting the penalties to fine only. Allowing outsourcing of Basic
Training and bringing the establishments operating in four or more
states into the fold of Central authorities for easy interface, etc.
MONITORING OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ACT
» DGT under MSDE is responsible for
implementation of the Act in respect of Trade and Technician (Vocational) Apprentices in the Central Government, Central PSUs, Private sector operating in 4 or more states / UTs through NINE Regional Directorates of Apprenticeship
located at Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Faridabad, Kanpur, Bhopal, Guwahati, and Mohali
State Apprenticeship Advisers are responsible for implementation of the
Act in respect of Trade Apprentices in State Government Undertakings / Departments and
» For Graduate and Technician Apprentices, Department of Education in the Ministry
of Human Resource Development is responsible for implementation through four Boards of
Apprenticeship Training located at Chennai, Kanpur, Kolkata, and Mumbai.
CENTRAL APPRENTICESHIP COUNCIL
» It is an apex statutory body.
It advises the Government on
laying down of policies and prescribing norms & standards in respect of
Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS).
» It was reconstituted with
effect from 27th March, 2014 for 3 years.
» It is obligatory on the part
of employers both in Public and Private
Sector establishments having requisites training infrastructure as laid
down in the Act, to engage apprentices.
» 259 groups of industries are
covered under the Act.
The minimum rate of stipend per month payable to trade apprentices is
Stipend (Year wise)
|| Minimum Rate of
70% of minimum wage of semi-skilled
workers notified by the respective State or Union territory
80% of minimum wage of semi-skilled
workers notified by the respective State or Union territory
Third & Fourth Year
90% of minimum wage of
semi-skilled workers notified by the respective State or Union
The expenditure on stipend for trade apprentices is borne by the
employers. Government shares 25% of the stipend under NAPS scheme.
The rates of stipend for Graduate, Technician and Technician
(Vocational) apprentices are Rs. 4984 p.m., Rs. 3542 p.m. and Rs. 2758
p.m. respectively. (with effect from 19th December, 2014)
Expenditure on stipend for Graduate apprentices is shared equally between the
employer and the Central Government.
TRAINING OF TRADE APPRENTICES
» Minimum age is 14 years.
» Qualifications vary from
Class VIII pass to XII class pass (10+2)
» Period of training varies
from 6 months to 2 years.
» Training comprises Basic
Training and Practical Training followed by
Related Instructions (RI) as per
prescribed syllabus for each trade.
» 259 trades in 39 trade groups
have been designated.
» Numbers of seats for
apprentices are calculated in the band of 2.5%
to 10% of the total strength of the workers.
» Every apprentice and employer
has to enter into a contract of
apprenticeship training, which is registered by the Apprenticeship
» Employers and apprentices
have to fulfill their obligations under the
TESTING AND CERTIFICATION OF TRADE APPRENTICES
» All India Trade Tests (AITT)
for trade apprentices are conducted by National Council of Vocational Training (NCVT) twice a year (October /
November and April / May).
» National Apprenticeship
Certificates (NAC) are awarded to those who
pass the AITT.
» NAC is recognized for
employment under Government / Semi-Government
departments / organizations.
SKILL COMPETITION OF TRADE APPRENTICES
» With a view to fostering
healthy competition among apprentices as
as establishments, skill competition is organized at local, regional and All India levels.
» Skill competition is held for
15 trades namely; Fitter,
Machinist, Turner, Welder (Gas & Electric), Electrician,
Mechanic (Motor Vehicle), Tool & Die Maker (Die
& Moulds), Tool and Die Maker (Press Tool, Jigs &
Fixture), Instrument Mechanic, Draughtsman
(Mechanical), Mechanic Machine Tool Maintenance, Wireman,
Mechanic (Diesel), Refrigeration & Air-Conditioning Mechanic and Electronics Mechanic.
TRAINING OF GRADUATE and TECHNICIAN APPRENTICES)
» 126 subject fields have been
designated for the category of Graduate and Technician apprentices.
» 128 subject fields have been
designated for the category of
Technician (Vocational) apprentices.
» Period of post qualification
training for these categories is one
» Training program is prepared
in joint consultation between
Apprenticeship Adviser Establishment concerned.
» Certificates are awarded on
completion of training by the Department of
Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development.