Main > SDIS > About the scheme
Skill Development Initiative
Scheme (SDIS) - Introduction
Government of India, Ministry of
Labour & Employment launched a Modular Employable Skills (MES)
under Skill Development Initiative (SDI) Scheme through Directorate
General of Employment & Training in May 2007. (now Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship); Under this
scheme, training to early school leavers and existing workers
specially in a unorganised sector are to be trained for employable
skills, in close consultation with Industries / State
Governments and Experts. The scheme has been operationalized since
2007. A majority of Indian workforce does not possess
marketable skills which is an impediment in getting decent employment
and improving their economic condition. While India has large
young population, only 5% of the Indian labour force in the age group
of 20-24 years has obtained vocational skills through formal means
whereas the percentage in industrialized countries varies between 60 %
and 96%. About 63% of the school students drop out at different
stages before reaching Class X. Only about 2.5 million vocational
training seats are available in the country whereas about 12.8 million
persons enter the labour market every year. Even out of these
training places, very few are available for early school
dropouts. This signifies that a large number of school drop outs
do not have access to skill development for improving their
employability. The educational entry requirements and long
duration of courses of the formal training system are some of the
impediments for a person of low educational attainment to acquire
skills for his livelihood. Further, the largest share of new jobs
in India is likely to come from the unorganized sector that employs up
to 93 per cent of the national workforce, but most of the training
programmes cater to the needs of the organized sector.
» To provide vocational training to
school leavers, existing workers, ITI graduates, etc. to improve their
employability by optimally utilizing the infrastructure available in
Government, private institutions and the industry. Existing
skills of the persons can also be tested and certified under this
OBJECTIVE OF THE SCHEME ARE :
» To build capacity in the area of development of competency standards,
course curricula, learning material and assessment standards in the
» Testing of skills of trainees by independent assessing bodies,
including industry organizations such as FICCI, CII, etc. which do not
involve in training delivery, to ensure an impartial assessment by the
» Priority will be given to covering those above the age of 14
years who have been or withdrawn as child labour to enable them to
learn employable skills in order to get gainful employment.
KEY FEATURES OF THE SCHEME :
» The Skill Development Initiative Scheme is 100 % centrally sponsored
» Demand driven short term training courses based on Modular
Employable Skills decided in consultation with the Industry.
» Central Government facilitates and promotes training while State
Governments, private sector and industry provide training to the
» Optimum utilisation of existing infrastructure available to made
training cost effective.
» Courses are available for persons having completed 5th standard and
» Flexible delivery mechanism (part time, weekends, and full time).
» Different levels of programmes (Foundation level as well as skill upgradation) to meet demands of various target groups
» Training is provided by registered Vocational Training Providers (VTPs)
under the Govt., Private Sector and Industrial establishments.
» Testing of skills of an individual acquired informally in competency
and issue of certificate on qualifying it successfully.
» The certification by NCVT which is recognised nationally and
internationally for gainful employment.
» During XI Plan period (2007-2012), against an approved outlay of
crore, an amount of Rs. 407 crore was spent and 13.67 lakh persons were
trained or directly tested under the scheme. Cabinet Committee on
Skill Development has approved the continuation of SDIS for XII
Plan period with certain changes on 13.08.2013.
» Existing skills of the persons can also be tested and certified under
» The on-line implementation of the SDI Scheme through the
Web Portal has been launched since 1st January, 2012.